United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Venezuelan Refugee Crisis: Immigration, Relocation, and Border Security
Colombia, Brazil, Spain, Chile, just to name a few, are amongst the dozens of countries outside of Venezuela that have faced the wave of migrants fleeing the country. As a result of deep rooted corruption and decades of mismanagement, Venezuela has reaped a state of economic, political, and social disaster. The past few decades have seen the development of said migrant crisis, as more and more people have left the country. However, in the last few years the situation has gotten exponentially worse, culminating following Maduro’s illegitimate election in 2018. Following widespread starvation, medicine shortages, increased violence, and power outages, Venezuelans have been leaving en masse. During 2018, an estimated 5,000 people left Venezuela per calendar day in order to escape the situation. By the end of 2019, 1 in 6 Venezuelans will have left the country. The UNHCR reports claim that, since 2014, there has been a 4000% increase in the amount of Venezuelans seeking refugee status. At the beginning of 2019, Colombia has received a grand total of 1.1 million Venezuelans, with neighboring Latin American countries Peru, Chile, and Ecuador having received over five-hundred and two hundred thousand respectively. In order to prevent the dire consequences that come from large-scale sudden migration, and to make sure these people can flee the country safely, the UNHCR must see how to most successfully address the immense migration of Venezuelans.
Committee Language: Spanish
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