United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Water scarcity in North Africa and the Middle East.
Water is a vital resource for human consumption and is essential for industrial activities, and agricultural production, among other areas. About a million people die each year from unsafe water, as it can be both chemically and biologically contaminated. Many of these harmful contaminants are undetectable to the naked eye, potentially allowing them to be ingested without even noticing. This is why it is essential to ensure correct treatment and the construction of infrastructure that facilitates safe access to drinking water.
The Middle East and North Africa region faces a precarious availability of water resources; this region is especially affected by global warming, which increases the frequency and severity of droughts. The World Meteorological Organization estimates that at the current rate, global warming will lead to 80% of African countries suffering from water shortages by 2030. Additionally, multiple conflicts, such as the one between Israel and Palestine, have seen unequal water distribution along with attacks on water supply sources. This jeopardizes access to basic services for millions of people and increases the danger of a potential water war.
This committee will seek to find solutions that allow the nations of this region to install infrastructure and have safe access to sources of drinking water. The implications of climate change and the difficulties in ensuring water health will also be discussed. The risk of attacks on water supplies and the danger of conflicts over access to water resources will also be considered.