High Commissioner for Refugies
Migratory change and border control in the face of disease transmission:
Main focus on Turkey, Colombia, Afghanistan &
the Central African Republic
Migratory crisis are those that can generate spontaneous and forced movements of populations. These movements involve the displacement of groups of people (or solitary individuals) who often enter a country as refugees due to their forced displacement. In many cases these people are welcomed and well treated in the countries of residence but in other circumstances many individuals are isolated in border camps, in transitory limbos or in countries that do not provide them with the human assistance that they require.
In the contemporary world, many migratory changes that imply forced refuge are affected with underlying problems that worsen the displacement processes and the reception in countries of asylum. A fundamental problem currently discussed is the transmission of diseases during migratory variants and border controls. The contagion of lethal diseases such as pandemics, puts the life of any human being at risk, however, when discussing within the framework of the refuge, the policies and solutions to allow this population to have asylum in a given country under the danger of "transmitting the desease" is a problem that contrasts the right of refuge and their medical security.
About the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was founded on December 14th, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly, in order to support Jewish refugees after World War II. Since this date, UNHCR has faced multiple crises on various continents, watching over and assisting refugees whether they are asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, returnees or stateless persons. The UNHCR tries to guarantee all people the right to seek asylum and find a safe place in another State, making available the option of eventually returning to their place of origin, integrating or resettling. During the displacement process, they offer critical emergency assistance, being this clean water, medical attention, shelter, blankets, household items, and in some occasions, food. Additionally, they organize transportation and assistance packages for those who return home, as well as income generation projects for those who are in the process of resettlement and reintegration.